bwoftheday

McDonald's Washington St Boston

Coming right at me

Leaving State St Station. With his bike

Into State St Station

Boston

The Katyń Memorial, Gunnersbury Cemetery, Chiswick, England | 1980. Documentary photographer Czesław Siegieda recorded life in a Polish community in England from 1970 to the 1980s. . . Bearing the date 1940 and dedicated on 18 September 1976, this Katyń memorial was the first in the world. It was erected in the face of opposition from both the Soviet and English governments. . During the period of the Cold War, successive British governments objected to plans by the UK’s Polish community to build a major monument to commemorate the massacre. The Soviet Union did not want Katyń to be remembered, and put pressure on Britain to prevent its creation. As a result, the construction of the Katyń memorial was delayed for many years. After the local community had finally secured the right to build the memorial, no official representative from either government was present at the opening ceremony in Gunnersbury Cemetery, London (although some Members of Parliament did attend the event unofficially). . The Katyń massacre (“zbrodnia katyńska”) was the mass murder of approximately 22,000 Polish nationals carried out by the Soviet secret police (NKVD) in April and May 1940. . The victims included approximately 8,000 Polish army officers taken prisoner during the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939, another 6,000 were police officers and the rest were Polish intelligentsia, university lecturers, doctors, lawyers, officials, priests and others considered to be members of the “bourgeoisie”. . The bulk of the victims were interned at three Soviet camps (Kozielsk, Starobielsk and Ostaszków) before being taken to NKVD mass murder sites, where they were killed and buried in mass graves.The graves of the Kozielsk prisoners were found in 1943 at Katyń forest. The fate of the other victims and the location of their graves was not known until five decades later. #documentaryphotographer #czesławsiegieda #polesinexile #ukpoles #polish #katyń #blackandwhitephotography #streetphotographer #bnw #bwphotography #blackandwhitephoto #bw_lover #bw_photooftheday #instablackandwhite #insta_bw #bw #streetphotos #foto_blackwhite #documentinglife #bwoftheday #simply_noir_blanc